Fanconi Anemia versus Fanconi Syndrome - USMLE Forums
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Old 08-30-2009
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Arrow Fanconi Anemia versus Fanconi Syndrome

Yes, it's confusing
Fanconi anemia
Fanconi syndrome

Fanconi anemia is an autosomal recessive disorder which appears early in life and has pancytopenia and bone marrow failure as its hallmark.
Patients often have bony deformities specially in the thumb.
It's one of the easy chromosomal breakage disorders in which patients are liable to develop malignancies when exposed to radiation or other insults.

Fanconi syndrome is a kidney tubule problem in which there's loss of amino acids, glucose, phosphate, and electrolytes in urine.
It also has bony problems because of the phosphate loss resulting in rickets / osteomalacia, short statute.
Hallmarks include hypokalemia and renal tubular acidosis.
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Hematology-, Pathology-, Renal-, Syndromes-Acronyms

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