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Old 10-24-2011
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Question Atelectasis-induced fibrosis?

While working in a laboratory, a medical student accidentally opens a canister containing a highly corrosive gas. Unfortunately, before sealing off the canister, the student inhales a large quantity of the gas. He immediately goes to the emergency room. P/E is significant for labored breathing and tachypnea as well as scattered crackles and tachycardia. Further evaluation revealed a protein-rich exudate in patient's alveoli. If the inflammation is not resolve and the damage results in fibrosis-induced atelectasis, what type of atelectasis will occur?

A) Relaxation or passive atelectasis
B) Compression atelectasis
C) Adhesive atelectasis
D) Cicatrization atelectasis
E) Obstructive atelectasis

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First Aid Cases - page 454 -I made this question based on a case.
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Old 11-08-2011
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the answer is c

As a result of decreased surfactant production or abnormal changes in it's composition (inactivation of surfactant), alveolar structures have a greater risk of collapse. Respiratory disorders that create alveolar instability, and therefore, increase the likelyhood of Adhesive Atelectasis include: Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), Cardiac bypass surgery, Hyaline membrane disease, Oxygen toxicity, Prolonged shallow breathing, Radiation pneumonitis, Smoke inhalation, Traumatic injury to the lungs, Aspergillus mucous plugging due to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, and Uremi.

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Originally Posted by Evergreen View Post
While working in a laboratory, a medical student accidentally opens a canister containing a highly corrosive gas. Unfortunately, before sealing off the canister, the student inhales a large quantity of the gas. He immediately goes to the emergency room. P/E is significant for labored breathing and tachypnea as well as scattered crackles and tachycardia. Further evaluation revealed a protein-rich exudate in patient's alveoli. If the inflammation is not resolve and the damage results in fibrosis-induced atelectasis, what type of atelectasis will occur?

A) Relaxation or passive atelectasis
B) Compression atelectasis
C) Adhesive atelectasis
D) Cicatrization atelectasis
E) Obstructive atelectasis

------------------------------------------------------------------------
First Aid Cases - page 454 -I made this question based on a case.
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menatallah Elgohary (11-11-2011)
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Old 11-09-2011
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C) Adhesive atelectasis
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Old 11-09-2011
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C) Adhesive atelectasis
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