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Old 03-29-2012
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Neuro 5 year old with growth failure & headaches

A 5-year-old girl is thoroughly evaluated because of growth failure. The child has been complaining of headaches, which are exacerbated when she tries to read. Funduscopic examination reveals papilledema. CT scan demonstrates a mass involving the area above and within the sella turcica. Surgical resection of the mass yields a multiloculated cystic and solid tumor containing dark brown, oily fluid. This tumor is thought to arise from epithelial rests derived from which of the following structures?

A) Hypothalamus
B) Pineal gland
C) Posterior pituitary gland
D) Rathke's pouch
E) Superior colliculus
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  #2  
Old 03-29-2012
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Rathke's pouch. Craniopharyngeoma.
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I see Rathke to be a poor polish boy with only one shoe....
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Old 03-29-2012
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Yep, D -> Rathke's
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Old 03-29-2012
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Default Craniopharingioma

Rathke pouch..
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Old 03-29-2012
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The correct answer is D. The tumor described is a craniopharyngioma, which is one of the more common brain tumors of children. These tumors arise from epithelial rests derived from Rathke's pouch, which is an oral invagination that gives rise to the cells that form the anterior pituitary gland. Histologically, craniopharyngiomas can resemble ameloblastomas, which are tumors derived from dental epithelium.

Note that this question could also have been answered very simply by noting that the hypothalamus, pineal gland, pituitary gland, and the superior colliculus are all adult structures; only Rathke's pouch is an embryonic structure. Therefore, only Rathke's pouch could be the source of epithelial rests, which are remnants of embryonic tissues that persist in the adult.

Although craniopharyngiomas often occur near the hypothalamus (choice A) and posterior portion of the pituitary gland (choice C), they do not arise from neural tissue.

The pineal gland (choice B) and superior colliculus (choice E) are found on the posterior aspect of the brain stem.
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Old 09-11-2012
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Smile ...

yes its D..........
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