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Old 03-29-2012
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Neuro Brain structures affected by a lateral ventricle papilloma

A 2-year-old boy has a CT scan of the head performed after a pediatrician notices a disproportionate growth in his head circumference compared with the rest of the body. The scan demonstrates a large choroid plexus papilloma involving the body of the right lateral ventricle. Which of the following brain structures might be affected by direct extension of this tumor?

A) Caudate nucleus
B) Cerebellum
C) Hippocampus
D) Hypothalamus
E) Pons
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I think caudate nucleus....near the anterior horn of lateral ventricles......
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A... Head of caudate to be specific
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A. Caudate nucleus
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The correct answer is A. Tumors of the ventricular system of the brain can affect the brain tissue either directly, via pressure on or invasion into a physically close structure, or indirectly, by obstructing CSF flow and causing hydrocephalus. Choroid plexus papillomas are highly differentiated, benign tumors that can involve any ventricle but have a predilection for involving the lateral ventricles of small children, particularly boys. The caudate nucleus is a C-shaped structure that comprises part of the wall of the lateral ventricle throughout its extent. The only structure listed that is adjacent to the body of the lateral ventricle, and would therefore be directly affected by the large tumor described in the question, is the caudate nucleus.

The cerebellum (choice B) overlies the fourth ventricle.

The hippocampus (choice C) is adjacent to the inferior (temporal) horn of the lateral ventricle.

The hypothalamus (choice D) abuts the third ventricle.

The pons (choice E) forms part of the floor of the fourth ventricle.
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