Altruism vs Reaction Formation. - USMLE Forums
USMLE Forums Logo
USMLE Forums         Your Reliable USMLE Online Community     Members     Posts
Home
USMLE Articles
USMLE News
USMLE Polls
USMLE Books
USMLE Apps
Go Back   USMLE Forums > USMLE Step 1 Forum

USMLE Step 1 Forum USMLE Step 1 Discussion Forum: Let's talk about anything related to USMLE Step 1 exam


Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
  #1  
Old 11-27-2010
USMLE Forums Guru
 
Steps History: 1 + CS
Posts: 405
Threads: 55
Thanked 523 Times in 155 Posts
Reputation: 533
Psyche Altruism vs Reaction Formation.

Can someone please explain the difference between Reaction Formation and Altruism??? I don't necessarily understand the difference apart from the former being a mature defence and the later being an immature defence.
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message



  #2  
Old 11-27-2010
Haisook's Avatar
USMLE Forums Master
 
Steps History: 1+CK+CS+3
Posts: 752
Threads: 124
Thanked 611 Times in 264 Posts
Reputation: 631
Default

Reaction formation is turning a desire to do something into its opposite. A man with libidinous thoughts instead of going to a strip-club, goes to the church. A schoolboy goes on to warmly salute the boy who regularly bullies him, instead of beating him. In most cases, as you see, the person with this defense mechanism is unable (mentally or physically; in both cases subconsciously) to carry out the action they really want to do.

Altruism is the act of giving to others as a way of feeling better. It's very common among many people, particularly those with illegal businesses (or those who feel that their income is too much for what they're really doing e.g. actors/singers). It's not uncommon to see such people donate huge amounts of money to the poor or build up charities.
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
The above post was thanked by:
aruna.tokas (09-16-2011), donofitaly (11-28-2010), rasheed (11-28-2010), Taiwan_Guy (08-26-2011), tunde michael (11-27-2010)
  #3  
Old 11-28-2010
USMLE Forums Scout
 
Steps History: Not yet
Posts: 55
Threads: 4
Thanked 107 Times in 28 Posts
Reputation: 117
Default

Reaction formation - when you form an opposite or a strong reaction to something. like a boy who wants to look at pornography will organize an anti-pornography campaign in his district.

Altruism - When you give stuff to other including goods/services to make yourself feel better?
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
The above post was thanked by:
Taiwan_Guy (08-26-2011)
 
  #4  
Old 11-28-2010
USMLE Forums Scout
 
Steps History: Not yet
Posts: 24
Threads: 4
Thanked 19 Times in 11 Posts
Reputation: 29
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by donofitaly View Post
Can someone please explain the difference between Reaction Formation and Altruism??? I don't necessarily understand the difference apart from the former being a mature defence and the later being an immature defence.

To remember very simply:

If a clinical vignette shows for eg. a lady who was in an accident driving drunk, and then she decides to lecture against it after recovery. that is reaction formation.

But If in the same case, the lady actually undertakes many other social activities, like working at old age homes, working with underprivileged children etc, it is Altruism.


From the answers I remember, Reaction formation "is a reaction" specific to that act. Atruism is broader based in that sense.

I hope this helps, please correct me if I'm wrong.
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
The above post was thanked by:
Taiwan_Guy (08-26-2011)
  #5  
Old 11-29-2010
USMLE Forums Guru
 
Steps History: 1 + CS
Posts: 405
Threads: 55
Thanked 523 Times in 155 Posts
Reputation: 533
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by varunshetty00 View Post
To remember very simply:

If a clinical vignette shows for eg. a lady who was in an accident driving drunk, and then she decides to lecture against it after recovery. that is reaction formation.

But If in the same case, the lady actually undertakes many other social activities, like working at old age homes, working with underprivileged children etc, it is Altruism.


From the answers I remember, Reaction formation "is a reaction" specific to that act. Atruism is broader based in that sense.

I hope this helps, please correct me if I'm wrong.
The way i understood, i feel that Reaction Formation is to cover up acts that are a result of your subconscious. Having sex dreams is something that comes natural and hence joining a church is its reaction.

However, a thief stealing from people can be actively controlled by say giving up and taking a honest job. Instead of that what the thief does is continue with his act however covers it up with charity.

Correct me if i am wrong.
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #6  
Old 11-29-2010
USMLE Forums Scout
 
Steps History: Not yet
Posts: 24
Threads: 4
Thanked 19 Times in 11 Posts
Reputation: 29
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by donofitaly View Post
The way i understood, i feel that Reaction Formation is to cover up acts that are a result of your subconscious. Having sex dreams is something that comes natural and hence joining a church is its reaction.

However, a thief stealing from people can be actively controlled by say giving up and taking a honest job. Instead of that what the thief does is continue with his act however covers it up with charity.

Correct me if i am wrong.

I didn't exactly get the point you are trying to make here (esp with regards to the thief example) ...could u lay it out for me?
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #7  
Old 11-29-2010
USMLE Forums Guru
 
Steps History: 1 + CS
Posts: 405
Threads: 55
Thanked 523 Times in 155 Posts
Reputation: 533
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by varunshetty00 View Post
I didn't exactly get the point you are trying to make here (esp with regards to the thief example) ...could u lay it out for me?
Thievery or conning is an act of cleverness and choice, i mean a person can choose not to do it but still does it. However in the subconscious mind the thief wants to repay for it and hence does it by doing charity thinking this will absolve him of those acts.

In Reaction formation, its subconscious feelings that are suppressed by subconscious defence, there is no conscious act involved here.

Hope this clears. If i am wrong, please correct me.
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
The above post was thanked by:
Thrax_usmle (03-11-2013)
  #8  
Old 11-29-2010
USMLE Forums Scout
 
Steps History: Not yet
Posts: 24
Threads: 4
Thanked 19 Times in 11 Posts
Reputation: 29
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by donofitaly View Post
Thievery or conning is an act of cleverness and choice, i mean a person can choose not to do it but still does it. However in the subconscious mind the thief wants to repay for it and hence does it by doing charity thinking this will absolve him of those acts.

In Reaction formation, its subconscious feelings that are suppressed by subconscious defence, there is no conscious act involved here.

Hope this clears. If i am wrong, please correct me.
Ok...let me take this from the beginning.
The example I gave you, was from usmleworld, a bit on the tougher side. My bad. sorry.
Here's the classic eg. of reaction formation: A student who always wanted to get into Med school, expresses sigh of relief, even happiness "this is the best news i've ever heard" on not being accepted into med school.
Reaction formation is basically an unacceptable impulse transformed into its opposite.
Another eg. is a teenager intrigued by "dirty pictures" organizes an anti pornograhy campaign.

KNow that the action (organising the campaign) is intentional, but the true "intent" is masked from the boy himself....


Altruism: "Satisfying internal needs by helping others"
perfect eg. : If a drug addict, once reformed starts helping at old age homes, or with children or with other drug addicts (not ONLY drug addicts- for it to be altruism on step 1, it has to be broad based- i.e. direct towards other activities rather than solely the activity she is keeping herself away from)

I hope i haven't added to the confusion. I hope this helps. If ive added to your confusion, please ignore this and just read any good psychology book or send an email to dr. steven daugherty :-)
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
The above post was thanked by:
aruna.tokas (09-16-2011), drortho (12-08-2011), Thrax_usmle (03-11-2013)



Reply

Tags
Behavioral-Sciences-

Quick Reply
Message:
Options

Register Now

In order to be able to post messages on the USMLE Forums forums, you must first register.
Please enter your desired user name, your email address and other required details in the form below.
User Name:
Password
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.
Password:
Confirm Password:
Email Address
Please enter a valid email address for yourself.
Email Address:
Medical School
Choose "---" if you don't want to tell. AMG for US & Canadian medical schools. IMG for all other medical schools.
USMLE Steps History
What steps finished! Example: 1+CK+CS+3 = Passed Step 1, Step 2 CK, Step 2 CS, and Step 3.

Choose "---" if you don't want to tell.

Favorite USMLE Books
What USMLE books you really think are useful. Leave blank if you don't want to tell.
Location
Where you live. Leave blank if you don't want to tell.

Log-in

Human Verification

In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.



Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Marcus Gunn Reaction JohannaBoyka USMLE Step 1 Forum 4 08-04-2013 09:48 AM
reaction to tetanus immunization Seetal USMLE Step 1 Forum 4 10-06-2011 10:26 AM
Reaction to Influenza Vaccine! dezirablize USMLE Step 2 CK Forum 3 10-14-2010 03:04 PM
Bone matrix formation? USMLE123 USMLE Step 1 Forum 6 01-10-2010 07:38 PM

RSS Feed
Find Us on Facebook
vBulletin Security provided by vBSecurity v2.2.2 (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

USMLE® & other trade marks belong to their respective owners, read full disclaimer
USMLE Forums created under Creative Commons 3.0 License. (2009-2014)