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  #1  
Old 02-08-2011
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Arrow Bone marrow aspiration

A 54-year-old Caucasian male diagnosed with HIV infection two years ago develops cough, low-grade fevers and hepatosplenomegaly. He has lost eight pounds over the past month. A light microscopy image of a bone marrow aspirate is shown below.

Bone marrow aspiration-image88.jpg
click image to enlarge

Which of the following is the most likely cause of this patientís condition?

A. Rhizopus species
B. Aspergillus fumigatus
C. Candida albicans
D. Cryptococcus neoformans
E. Blastomyces dermatitidis
F. Histoplasma capsulaturn
G. Coccidioides immitis
H. Sporothrix schenckii
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Old 02-08-2011
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Help F, I think

Is it histoplasmosis?

I don't really know what histoplasma looks like, but I do know what ABCDE and G look like, and I've never read about sporothrix causing a systemic infection, so that only leaves F.
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Old 02-08-2011
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Arrow

Nice guess.... I want others to try. Just wait for few hrs. Thanks
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Old 02-08-2011
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I agree

I THINK its D ... Not too sure though!
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Old 02-08-2011
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Default Histoplasmosis

The patient has low grade fever, cough, and hepatosplenomegaly..
Histo capsulatum acts on reticuloendothelial cells of liver n spleen, so i would go for histoplasmosis.
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Old 02-08-2011
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Smile

F. Histoplasma capsulaturn - We see the peripheral smear with small spores within a RBC plus it affection towards spleen is causing Splenomegaly.
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Old 02-09-2011
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Arrow F) Histoplasma capsulaturn

Bone marrow aspiration-histoplasma.jpg
click image to enlarge

This image shows small ovoid bodies within a macrophage. Histoplasma capsulatum is the only answer choice listed that can survive intracellularly and cause systemic disease. In non-immunocompromised individuals, Histoplasma infection is asymptomatic or may produce a self-limiting pulmonary disease. Immunocompromised individuals can develop systemic histoplasmosis that may prove fatal. Disseminated histoplasmosis causes hepatosplenomegaly because of its predilection for the reticuloendothelial system. Ulcerated lesions on the tongue are also very characteristic of disseminated histoplasmosis.

DX
Chest x-ray of a patient with disseminated histoplasmosis may show diffuse pulmonary infiltrates with hilar lymphadenopathy. In chronic lung disease, the radiographic changes resemble those of pulmonary tuberculosis: cavitary lesions form in the upper lung lobes, and calcified nodes and fibrotic scarring may also be present.

Examination of lung biopsy specimens and bone marrow aspirates reveals oval or round yeasts within macrophages. Culture on Sabouraudís agar will grow hyphae (as Histoplasma is a dimorphic fungus). Histoplasma antigen in blood and urine can be detected by radioimmunoassay. Serologic tests (e.g. complement fixation immunodiffusion) can be used to measure the level of anti-1-Iistoplasme antibodies
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Blood-Films, Hematology-, Micrographs-, Pathology-, Step-1-Questions

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