Autosomal dominant diseases and their corresponding chromosome - USMLE Forums
USMLE Forums Logo
USMLE Forums         Your Reliable USMLE Online Community     Members     Posts
USMLE Articles
Go Back   USMLE Forums > USMLE Step 1 Forum > USMLE Step 1 High Yield > USMLE Step 1 Mnemonics

USMLE Step 1 Mnemonics Mnemonics, acronyms, reminders, and memorizing tips for the USMLE Step 1.

Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
Old 06-26-2014
USMLE Forums Newbie
Steps History: Not yet
Posts: 2
Threads: 5
Thanked 6 Times in 1 Post
Reputation: 16
Default Autosomal dominant diseases and their corresponding chromosome

This is a Dr. Mnemosyne mnemonic, for more like these see Dr. Mnemosyne's tumblr: drmnemosyne(dot)tumblr(dot)com

The following mnemonic provides a quite useful list of some of the most common and relevant autosomal dominant diseases. But it even does more than that. As you list these 22 disease from memory it has the added beauty of listing them in chromosomal order, that is: the first is found on chromosome 1, the second is found on chromosome 2 etc. Also you might notice that most of these diseases cause structural problems, whereas autosomal recessive tend to be metabolic.

While knowing diseases for each chromosome isn’t terribly relevant clinically it can come in handy in the USMLE, and if nothing else, it sure is a cool party trick. Here goes:

Learn this 22-word limerick:

Hippo Ehler's fun hunting fetish

Made platypuses severely ticklish

Many asked why

Retarded hippos must pry

Nagged platypuses: My! Hippos are foolish

Recite it a few times, then get paper and list the words from memory:

Hippo - Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (type 1 on chromosome 1)

Ehler's - Ehler-Danlos Syndrome (type 3 and 4 on chromosome 2)

Fun (von) - von Hippel-Lindau disease (chromosome 3)

Hunting - Huntington's disease (chromosome 4)

Fetish - Familial adenomatous polyposis (chromosome 5)

Made - Vitelliform macular dystrophy (chromosome 6)

Platypuses - Polydactyly (multiple, yet mostly on chromosome 7)

Severely - Hereditary Spherocytosis (type 1 on chromosome 8)

Ticklish - Tuberous Sclerosis ("two hits", 1st on chromosome 9)

Many - Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 2 (chromosome 10)

Asked - Acute intermittent porphyria (chromosome 11)

Why - von Willibrand's disease (chromosome 12)

Retarded - Retinoblastoma (chromosome 13)

Hippos - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (common on chromosome 14)

Must - Marfan (chromosome 15)

Pry - AD Polycystic kidney disease (chromosome 16)

Nagged - Neurofibromatosis type 1 (chromosome 17)

Platypuses - Juvenile Polyposis hemorrhagic telangiectasia (chromosome 18)

My - Myotonic dystrophy (chromosome 19)

Hippos - Albright's Hereditary osteodystrophy (chromosome 20)

Are - Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (chromosome 21)

Foolish - NeuroFibromatosis type 2 (chromosome 22)
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
The above post was thanked by:
dranatomy (09-24-2014), Haroon shinwari (09-04-2014), Karan Agrawal (04-11-2016), ML2014 (06-08-2015), Natalie's (04-14-2015), Pachys (01-26-2015)


Quick Reply

Register Now

In order to be able to post messages on the USMLE Forums forums, you must first register.
Please enter your desired user name, your email address and other required details in the form below.
User Name:
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.
Confirm Password:
Email Address
Please enter a valid email address for yourself.
Email Address:
Medical School
Choose "---" if you don't want to tell. AMG for US & Canadian medical schools. IMG for all other medical schools.
USMLE Steps History
What steps finished! Example: 1+CK+CS+3 = Passed Step 1, Step 2 CK, Step 2 CS, and Step 3.

Choose "---" if you don't want to tell.

Favorite USMLE Books
What USMLE books you really think are useful. Leave blank if you don't want to tell.
Where you live. Leave blank if you don't want to tell.


Human Verification

In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
List of Autosomal Dominant Diseases rasheed USMLE Step 1 Bits & Pieces 11 05-30-2013 04:34 PM
Autosomal Dominant Diseases Cartoon! tyagee USMLE Step 1 Mnemonics 8 07-24-2012 02:28 PM

RSS Feed
Find Us on Facebook
vBulletin Security provided by vBSecurity v2.2.2 (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

USMLE® & other trade marks belong to their respective owners, read full disclaimer
USMLE Forums created under Creative Commons 3.0 License. (2009-2014)