phage encoded exotoxins..ABCDES - USMLE Forums
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USMLE Step 1 Mnemonics Mnemonics, acronyms, reminders, and memorizing tips for the USMLE Step 1.

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Old 05-28-2011
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Bacteria phage encoded exotoxins..ABCDES

A: Group A strep (S. pyogenes): pyrogenic exotoxins SpeA and SpeC
B: Botulinum toxin
C: Cholera toxin
D: Diphtheria toxin
E: EHEC: Verotoxin (Shiga-like toxin)
S: Shiga toxin
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Old 12-28-2015
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Also Salmonella o antigen.
From Kaplan : COBEDS
O is salmonella o-antigen.
E Is erythrogenic toxin of s. Pyogenes

Rest are the same
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