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Old 07-22-2011
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List The different types of Syncope

can anyone high light different types of syncope.
thank you
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Old 07-22-2011
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Syncope mainly results from decreased vascular supply to brain-->sudden loss of consciousness followed by spontaneous recovery.

Different types of syncope are:
1. Cardiovascular related : a) structural related like valvular , pericardial, etc
b) Heart disease related like arrhythmia, avnode, sa node, av conduction disorder.

2. Orthostatic : Due to decreased BP and output, due to
A) Volume depletion
B) Autonomic failure
c) Drug induced
D) Trauma


NON-CARDIAC RELATED:
3. Neurogenic
4. Psychiatric
5. Situational ( post prandial, exercise, cough, sneeze etc)
6. others........
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Old 07-22-2011
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Default Syncope

Hello there:

Syncope types:

1. Cardiogenic: As confident says, it is related to cardiac pathology, whether structural or functional such as arrythmia. Most of the cases the syncope has no prodrome symptoms such as lightheadness, dizziness, sweating, nausea, etc. Others have prodrome symptoms

2. Vasomotor: Due excessive vagal tone

3. Orthostatic: Same as Confident says: Hypovolemia, drug (beta blockers, diuretics, vasodilators), autonomic failure (elderly)

4. Neurogenic: Loss of sympathetic nervous system tone. This usually happens in trigeminal or glossopharingeal neuralgia.

5. Others: Psychological, Metabolic... etc
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Old 07-24-2011
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Hi Guys. This classification is made by UpToDate
1.Reflex (including vasovagal , situational, carotid sinus)
2.Orthostatic hypotension (including drug induced, volume depletion, autonomic failure such as diabetes and parkinson's disease)
3.Cardiogenic (Arrhythmia, structural heart disease)
From the Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Syncope of the European Society of Cardiology

Findings suggest
Neurally mediated or reflex: AFTER exertion,absence of heart disease, Long history of recurrent syncope, after sudden unexpected unpleasant sight, odor, smell or pain, hot places, nausea and vomiting, postprandial or during a meal, pressure on carotid sinus or with head rotation

Orthostatic: after standing, standing after exertion,after vasodepressor use, autonomic problems, prolonged standing in crowded hot places

Cardiogenic: palpitation followed by syncope, abnormal cardiac ECG exam, DURING EXERTION, supine position, Family history of SCD,
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Cardiology-, Internal-Medicine-, Neurology-

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