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  #1  
Old 09-16-2011
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Psyche Reaction Formation, Undoing, and Acting Out!

Can anyone plz clear these defense mechanisms ,

Reaction formation
Acting Out
Undoing

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  #2  
Old 09-16-2011
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acting out is easy....it is expression of an unconscious wish without actually knowing it...e.g a child wants to play or go outside, n mother forces him to stay inside n the child throws a temper tanturm
so whatever is the wish, it is expressed by bhv...

confusion lies with other 2 i.e reaction formation n undoing..they r defined as
Reaction formation: Converting unconscious wishes or impulses that are perceived to be dangerous into their opposites; behaviour that is completely the opposite of what one really wants or feels; taking the opposite belief because the true belief causes anxiety.
Undoing: A person tries to 'undo' an unhealthy, destructive or otherwise threatening thought by engaging in contrary behaviour.

Both look quite similar n i have tried to find differences between them, n many authors have different opinions...

freuds thoughts were that
reaction formation is just thoughts n undoing is actual actions...
e.g mom dislikes her ugly daughter but develops extreme love for her...this is reaction formation
n mom thinks of slapping her daughter n then goes n kisses her (i.e actually kisses her n does an action to express the opposite of her actual feelings..)
Here is this concept explained:
http://psychology.jrank.org/pages/16...echanisms.html

some others say that both r basically same but reaction formation leads to alteration in personality traits...where as undoing is just a temporary thing, just 1 timer n with no impact on personality development..

here is the link:
http://books.google.com.qa/books?id=...page&q&f=false

have seen some other explanations as well...but in my opinion, both of these r not gonna appear as options in single question...!!
so dont bother too much...just have the basic concept, n select the one which is present.
n if both r listed, do eenie meenie minie mow...lol

let me know if u cum across a sane explanation..!!
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  #3  
Old 09-16-2011
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Just to add a few examples;

Reaction formation:


The action is completely opposite to the desires.

Example: Two coworkers like each other, but instead of expressing their feeling they fight all the time.

Undoing:

A man is attracted to another woman. To ward off his guilt he buys flowers for his wife.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Sabio View Post
Reaction formation is the extreme opposite of the real wish and desire.
Undoing is not the extreme opposite it's somewhat in the same direction, offering flowers is similarly expressing love and affection.
Altruism

Guilty feelings alleviated by unsolicited generosity toward others.
Different from reaction formation as it not only limited to one specific field.
Mafia boss makes large donation to charity.

Also have a look at this thread;

Husband & wife in defense mechanism
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  #4  
Old 09-17-2011
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Quote:
Originally Posted by step1an View Post
Just to add a few examples;

Reaction formation:

The action is completely opposite to the desires.

Example: Two coworkers like each other, but instead of expressing their feeling they fight all the time.

Undoing:

A man is attracted to another woman. To ward off his guilt he buys flowers for his wife.



Altruism

Guilty feelings alleviated by unsolicited generosity toward others.
Different from reaction formation as it not only limited to one specific field.
Mafia boss makes large donation to charity.

Also have a look at this thread;

Husband & wife in defense mechanism


hey ur examples r good but i dont think this explanation of undoing is right....it doesnt go in same line...
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Old 09-17-2011
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It is really confusing to me, I would like to add to that “sublimation”. Let put some example to help us get the concept, please add to that.
Acting out: outburst of emotion or behavior.
Reaction formation: an unacceptable impulse is transformed into the opposite.
Undoing: acting out of the reverse of an unacceptable behavior.
Reaction formation: an unacceptable impulse is transformed to the opposite.
Sublimation (the most mature defense mechanism): impulse gratification is achieved, but the aim is changed from unacceptable to acceptable.
You want: Pornography, you become Priest: Reaction formation (opposite). You becomes: Sensor: Sublimation (impulse gratification).
Like to set fires: Firefighter: Reaction formation (opposite). Set fires in movies, Sublimation (impulse gratification).

Last edited by ag2011n; 09-17-2011 at 02:58 AM. Reason: typo
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  #6  
Old 09-17-2011
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Some points about defense mechanisms I think are useful:
Defense mechanism associated with borderline personality: splitting.
Defense mechanism associated with paranoid personality: projection.
Most mature defense mechanism: sublimation.
Most immature defense mechanism: regression.
Only conscious defense mechanism: suppression.
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  #7  
Old 09-17-2011
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Sublimation

The impulse gratification is achieved by converting a socially unacceptable desire into a socially acceptable one.

Example:

A person likes to beat up people. He becomes a professional wrestler, his beating up of his opponents is now socially acceptable.

Reaction formation

The actions are completely opposite to the desires.
An unrelated analogy, Newton's Law "Every action has an equal & opposite reaction".

Example:
A mother hates one of her daughter, but instead of expressing her desires. She become extra protective of her & gives her more attention.

A wife likes one of his husbands friends, but instead of showing her real emotions. She treats her rudely.

Undoing

Engaging in behavior designed to symbolically make amends for or negate previously unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or actions. This is not to be confused with actual and direct amends made to persons we may have harmed.

In other words, You have done something wrong, u feel guilty so u try to undo it by doing some thing good.

Example;
A husband is attracted to another woman, now he feels guilty he buys her an expensive present.

When asked to recommend a friend for a job, a man makes derogatory comments which prevent the friend's getting the position; a few days later, the man drops in to see his friend and brings him a small gift.

The compulsion part of OCD, is associated with undoing.
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  #8  
Old 09-17-2011
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Cool


THANKS EVERYONE FOR FRUITFUL DISCUSSION !
My concepts are clear now from your posts !



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  #9  
Old 09-17-2011
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Cool

I will add one more , DISTORTION

-altered perception of one s thoughts to relieve one s anxiety

e.g., patient diagnosed with some disease and he blames that he get the disease because of poor control of that disease in the community despite the prescence of disease risk factor in him.
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