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USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonics Mnemonics, acronyms, reminders, and memorizing tips for the USMLE Step 2 CS Exam.


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  #1  
Old 02-27-2013
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Smile My CS Mnemonics

My friends, Im so happy I passed, got my report today. For those who still studying, I decided to share mnemonics I created myself. drssbaz is one of the participants. Some of them, I took from other people, so let me start it.
Please, follow this thread, because I will not type all of them at once (too many)

1. Insomnia case

OD INSOMNIA STRIKE HIMS
1. Onset
2. Duration
3. Interruptions during night
4. Naps during the day
5. Snoring
6. On the clock(total time of sleep and time when pt is falling asleep)
7. Morning awakenings
8. Narcolepsy(daytime sleepiness)
9. Illness/ stress
10. Activity before patient goes to sleep(watching TV etc)
11. Sadness(mood)
12. Tremor
13. Irritability
14. K-Coffeine
15. Exercise
16. HI-Heat Intolerance
17. Menstrual irregularities
18. Sweating

Ok, its all for today, I will try to get more tomorrow.Godd luck!
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  #2  
Old 02-27-2013
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Default number 2

Psych case.

VOICES HARM MEN
1.Visual hallucinations(onset, duration, context)
2.Open/close eyes(if patient can see "writtings" with close and open eyes)
3.Imperative ( voices can control patient)
4.Changes in vision/ vision loss
5.Ear(audio hallucinations- onset, duration, context)
6.Sleeping problems

7.Headache/head trauma
8.Attacking himself/others
9.Recreational drug use
10.Major changes in life

11.Mental illness in the family
12.Enjoying daily activities
13.Narcolepsy (sleepiness during the day)
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  #3  
Old 02-27-2013
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Default number 3

Dizziness case.

DTH FFFUN

1.Dizziness(description, onset ,duration, frequency, alleviating/aggravating factors etc)
2.Tinnitus
3.Hearing loss

4.Fever
5.Fullness in ear
6.Falls
7.URI, or other infections such diarrhea
8.Nausea

P.S.Dont forget to check Weber/Rinne, hearing assessment, Romberg and mention Dix Hallpike in your work up
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  #4  
Old 02-27-2013
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Default number 4

Panic case( can use for palpitation case)

PANICS( taken from FA for step 1)

1.Panic, paresthesia
2.Abdominal disturbances, anxiety
3.Nausea
4.Intensive fear of dying
5.Chest pain, chills, chocking
6.Sweating, shacking, shortness of breath
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  #5  
Old 02-28-2013
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Default

This is awesome marina99! Thanks so much!

I'm writting them down especially because I have a hard time to remember what to ask for neuro/HEENT/psych. cases
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  #6  
Old 02-28-2013
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Default welcome

Quote:
Originally Posted by stepdoc1 View Post
This is awesome marina99! Thanks so much!

I'm writting them down especially because I have a hard time to remember what to ask for neuro/HEENT/psych. cases
Youre so welcome! I read mnemonics of other people, they dont make a lot of sense to me.So I start making them and pointing to an object like psych "voices harm men", its not definitely for dizziness or CV case, so will never forget.Stay in touch, more is coming tonight!
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  #7  
Old 02-28-2013
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Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
Youre so welcome! I read mnemonics of other people, they dont make a lot of sense to me.So I start making them and pointing to an object like psych "voices harm men", its not definitely for dizziness or CV case, so will never forget.Stay in touch, more is coming tonight!
LOL...Can't wait! Hopefully I will get a good collection of them before my exam in the end of March!

Thanks again!
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  #8  
Old 02-28-2013
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Default number 5

Ok, joint pain/arthritis case.

CITRUS
1.Color changes(bruising), Crackles upon movement
2.Infection recently(guess, pointing to reactive arthritis)
3.Trauma/Tick bite/Temperature local-warmth
4.Redness/Rash
5.Urinary discomfort(guess, this pointing to Reiters syndrome- uveitis/arthritis/urethritis)
6.Stiffness/ Swelling
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  #9  
Old 02-28-2013
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Default number 6

Jaundice case.

JAUNDICE B

1.Journey overseas/Joint pain
2.Abdominal pain/appetite changes
3.Up temperature( fever)
4.Nausea/vomiting
5.Diarrhea/constipation
6.Itch(rash)/Immunizations
7.Color of urine and stool
8.Eating habits -weight changes

9.Blood transfusion in the past
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  #10  
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Default number 7

Enuresis case. Well, here and in other mnemonics, I dont mention- onset, frequency, duration etc, so just remember these questions go first, then mnemonic itself

ENURESIS

1. Enviromental changes(changing schools, parental divorce etc)
2. Nighttime awakening/Neuro problems
3. Urinary habits changes(frequency, amount, color etc)
4. Relative with similar issue
5. Eating/drinking late
6. Stress to a child and parents(to describe)
7. Interventions/drugs used before and effectivity
8. Snoring
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  #11  
Old 03-01-2013
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Default

Thank you so much for your post! It is so useful! Please post more mnemonics if you have

Thanks!
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Old 03-01-2013
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Default

thanks for sharing these!
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Old 03-01-2013
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Default number 8

Hearing loss case.

HEART SOUNDDS

1. Head trauma
2. Exposure to loud noises/Ear ache
3. All sounds or specific pt can not hear
4. Ruined balance (imbalance, gait instability)
5. Tinnitus

6. S-source of sound can be located by pt
7. Out bodies (foreign bodies in the ear)
8. Nausea
9. Dizziness/Discharges from ear
10. DS- distorted speech pt hears
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  #14  
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Default number 9

Trauma to the chest/ abdomen case.

COS CHEST WALL TRAUMA V

1. Context
2. Onset
3. Severity

4. Cough
5. Head trauma/head ache
6. Exacerbating/alleviating factors
7. Sputum
8. Trauma any where or other injuries

9. Weakness/numbness
10. Abdominal pain
11. Last meal/drink
12. Liquor (if pt was under alcohol or other influence)

13. Temperature(fever/chills)
14. Runny liquids(discharges from mouth, ears etc)
15. Alertness (LOC)
16. Urination pain
17. Memory loss/confusion
18. Abnormal brain activity( seizures)

19. Vision disturbances
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Old 03-01-2013
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Default number 10

Assault/rape case. Here, I have to explain. Here is a cartoon for toddlers, called "Dora the explorer", so its based on the name of this cartoon

DORRA SEXPLOER

1. Description of assault
2. Onset
3. Report of assault
4. Recognition of assailants
5. Assault objects

6. Sexual assault
7. Ejaculation
8. X-unknown- foreign objects used
9. Past menses
10. Latex- if condom was used
11. Oral, vaginal or anal intercourse
12. ER-estrogen replacement which is Contraception
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Old 03-01-2013
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Default number 11

Positive pregnancy test case.

MENSTRUATION PAPS

1.Menses hx(LMP, menarche, regularity etc)
2.Estrogen(contraception)
3.Nausea/vomiting
4.Spotting
5.Temperature(fever/fatigue)
6.Rupture(postcoital bleeding)
7.Urinary habits
8.Abdominal pain/Appetite changes
9.Trichomoniasis( STD hx)
10.Intestinum (bowel habits)
11.Ouch ! (pain with periods)
12.Nipple (breast changes/ discharges)

13.Pregnancies(planned and undesired)
14.Abortions/miscarriages
15.PAP smear last
16.Skin changes
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Old 03-01-2013
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Default number 12

Child with DM case.

T-DIABETES MISS H-MELLITUS

1. Type of diabetes

2. Description of symptoms at the time of diagnosis(thirst, frequent urination )
3. Irritability
4. Abnormal thirst and urination at present time
5. Birth hx
6. Eating(diet)
7. Tiredness(fatigue)
8. Effect on child/parent
9. Sleep problems

10. Meds compliance
11. Injection site
12. Schedule for insulin
12. Sugar levels(management at home, lowest and highest numbers of glucose)

13. Hypoglycemia episodes(dizziness, sweating, hunger)

14. Mood
15. Exercise
16. LMP
17. LOC
18. Itch
19. Tingling/numbness
20. Urinary habits change
21. Super child- weight gain/ loss
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  #18  
Old 03-01-2013
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Default peds mnemonics

I will not post "PAM IF BIG DEALS" and "FEVER CUD seizures "for pediatric cases, those are very well known mnemonics, they will fit almost any pediatric case.
Thanks to my friend and skype partner drssbaz for those!
I appreciated it!
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  #19  
Old 03-03-2013
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Default number 13

Picky eater case.I got this from one of my skype friends.

ON CALL IDIOTS
1.Onset
2.Number of meals during day

3.Constipation/Cravings/Color of stool
4.Assosiated symptoms (fever+ROS)
5.Liquids amount
6.Lethargy

7.Immunization
8.Diet
9.Infection
10.Other complaints if present
11.Tiredness/To give rewards or panishment

Now, for DDX of this case mnemonic will be H-FLIP
H-Habitual eating disorder
F-Fiber lack diet
L-Lead poisoning
I-Iron deficiency
P-Parasitic infection
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  #20  
Old 03-03-2013
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Default number 14

Abuse case, its also well known mnemonic.I personally used it on the real exam.

SAFE GARDS kids

1.Safety at home
2.Abuser present
3.Family awareness
4.Emergency plan

5.Guns or other weapons at home
6.Alcohol or drugs involved
7.Relationship with abuser
8.Depression
9.Suicidal ideas

10 kids, if they were victims of abuse
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  #21  
Old 03-03-2013
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Default others

I believe I posted FINISHED PUBS, which will cover any urinary case and HARD C FOOD for dysphagia case.Let me know, if I need to repost
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  #22  
Old 03-03-2013
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
I believe I posted FINISHED PUBS, which will cover any urinary case and HARD C FOOD for dysphagia case.Let me know, if I need to repost

thanks Marina! I know FINISHED PUBS but do you mind reposting for dysphagia: HARD C FOOD? Your mnemonics are really helpful!
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Old 03-03-2013
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Default number 15

Dysphagia case

HARD C FOOD

1.Heartburn (GERD,Achalasia)
2.Appetite changes/Anemia(anemia questions would be vegetarian diet, heavy menstrual flow,easy bruising) (Cancer, Plummer-Vinson)
3.Regurgitation/Reynaud phenomenon (Achalasia/CREST)
4.Dysphagia- details- onset, for solid, liquids etc

5.Cough at night (GERD)

6.Food cravings (Plummer Vinson)
7.Odor(halitosis) (Zenker diverticulum)
8.Overseas travel (Chagas disease)
9.Drugs, infections
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  #24  
Old 03-06-2013
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Default number 16

DDX for Lower back pain.Im thankful to my former SP drssbaz for this one! I also listed questions Id ask in such a case

SCOT MILS

1.Strain of muscle (sudden increase of physical activity)
2. Cauda equina (urinary/bowel incontinence, ED)
3. OA/Osteoporosis (other joints involvement,hx of fractures)
4.Trauma/TB( aka Potts disease)- exposure to TB, PPD

5.Mets/Multiple Myeloma ( app/weight changes, night sweats, fatigue, dysuric symptoms for male, obgyn - for females)
6.Intervertebral disk herniation ( numbness/ weakness anywhere)
7.Lumbar Stenosis ( pain increases with walking, prolonged standing and allevates by leaning forward position while sitting up)

Good luck!
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  #25  
Old 03-09-2013
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Default hi

i used a slight variant of it

CITRUS-HP
1. C- COUGH history for Rh fever
2. I- SAME
3. T- SAME
4. R- RASH
5. U- UTI SYMPTOMS AND ULCERS(IN MOUTH)
6. S- SAME
7. H- HAIRLOSS (IN SLE)
8. P- PHOTOSENSITIVITY (SLE AGAIN)
Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
Ok, joint pain/arthritis case.

by the away awesome job Marina and congrats on passing...you rocked it



CITRUS
1.Color changes(bruising), Crackles upon movement
2.Infection recently(guess, pointing to reactive arthritis)
3.Trauma/Tick bite/Temperature local-warmth
4.Redness/Rash
5.Urinary discomfort(guess, this pointing to Reiters syndrome- uveitis/arthritis/urethritis)
6.Stiffness/ Swelling

Last edited by kdm0101; 03-09-2013 at 11:34 AM. Reason: changes
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  #26  
Old 03-09-2013
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Default number 17

DDX for Neck pain case

MOTIV

1.Mets/Meningitis/Muscle strain
2.Osteoporosis(vertebral compression fracture)/OA
3.Trauma/TB(Potts disease)
4.InterVertebral disk herniation

Last edited by marina99; 03-09-2013 at 06:50 PM.
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  #27  
Old 03-09-2013
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Default number18

DDX for vaginal bleeding

VAGINA BLEED

1.Vaginal Atrophy(atrophic vaginitis)
2.Grapes-Molar pregnancy(molar looks like grapes)
3.IN situ-carcinoma(cervical cancer, endometrial cancer)
4.Abortion

5.BL- blood coagulation disorder
6.Ectopic pregnancy
7.Endometrial polyps, hyperplasia
8.Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
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  #28  
Old 04-14-2013
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Default forgotten "U"

Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
Hearing loss case.

HEART SOUNDDS

1. Head trauma
2. Exposure to loud noises/Ear ache
3. All sounds or specific pt can not hear
4. Ruined balance (imbalance, gait instability)
5. Tinnitus

6. S-source of sound can be located by pt
7. Out bodies (foreign bodies in the ear)
8. Nausea
9. Dizziness/Discharges from ear
10. DS- distorted speech pt hears
Oops, "U" - URI
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  #29  
Old 04-27-2013
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Default number 19

Tremor case. Im not sure, but hope this helps.

TREMOR

1.Type(rest, intentional)/Time( onset, duration)
2.R-sided(or L)- Location
3.Exacerbating/Alleviating factors
4.Meds, drugs, alcohol, coffeine
5.Other (small hand writting, voice changes, drooling etc)
6.Retro episodes( similar episodes in the past)
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  #30  
Old 05-27-2013
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
Abuse case, its also well known mnemonic.I personally used it on the real exam.

SAFE GARDS kids

1.Safety at home
2.Abuser present
3.Family awareness
4.Emergency plan

5.Guns or other weapons at home
6.Alcohol or drugs involved
7.Relationship with abuser
8.Depression
9.Suicidal ideas

10 kids, if they were victims of abuse
SAFE GARDS

S Safety inquiry (Do you feel safe at home?), Sex ever forced?
A Alcohol abuse (does your husband abuse alcohol?)
...Addict (does husband use recreational drugs)
F Friends/Family who are aware (Dose any1 of ur friend/Family know of this)
...Fractures (Abuse ever resulted in fractures?)
E Emergency plan (u have emergency plan?), Ever tried to leave/divorce? Why not?
G Guns at home (are there any weapons @ home?) Threatened/attacked you with weapons like Gun/knife?
A Afraid of husband, Ever hit Children? you? where?
R Relationships with husband (how is ur relationship with husband? do you feel threatened when he is around?, For how long?
D Depression (lost wt/appetite/sleep)
S Suicidal (idea/plan/attempt) (ever felt like ending it all up?)
__________________
A man doesn't know what he knows until he knows what he doesn't know.
“What is man? He's just a collection of chemicals with delusions of grandeur.”
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  #31  
Old 09-14-2013
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
I will not post "PAM IF BIG DEALS" and "FEVER CUD seizures "for pediatric cases, those are very well known mnemonics, they will fit almost any pediatric case.
Thanks to my friend and skype partner drssbaz for those!
I appreciated it!

Hi marina99, thankyou so much ! Ur pnemonics are really helpful. I really didnt kno any 1 of these. Can u plz post this one too, for pediatric case. I really appreaciate
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  #32  
Old 09-14-2013
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Default sure

Quote:
Originally Posted by Lucky111 View Post
Hi marina99, thankyou so much ! Ur pnemonics are really helpful. I really didnt kno any 1 of these. Can u plz post this one too, for pediatric case. I really appreaciate
Sure, my friend.Here you go and good luck!
PAM IF BIG DEALS:
P-Past medical and surgical history
A-Allergy
M-Meds
I-Ill contacts
F-Family hx
B-Birth hx
I-Immunizations
G-Growth/Development
D-Day care attendance
E-Eating habits
A-Appetite
L-Look(Appearance)
S-Sleep disturbances
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  #33  
Old 09-14-2013
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Lucky111 View Post
Hi marina99, thankyou so much ! Ur pnemonics are really helpful. I really didnt kno any 1 of these. Can u plz post this one too, for pediatric case. I really appreaciate
FEVER CUD seizures:
1.Fever
2.Ear pulling
3.Vomiting
4.Ear /eye discharges
5.Rash
CUD:
1.Cough
2.Urination(number of wet diapers, odor, color, etc)
3.Diarrhea( frequency, onset, blood, mucus etc)
Seizures stands for seizures
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  #34  
Old 09-15-2013
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Smile Please marina99, quote the "finished pubs" too. I learnt alot from you! God bless u

Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
I believe I posted FINISHED PUBS, which will cover any urinary case and HARD C FOOD for dysphagia case.Let me know, if I need to repost
Please quote it again, the finished pubs. Thanks
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  #35  
Old 09-16-2013
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Default here you go

Quote:
Originally Posted by Lucky111 View Post
Please quote it again, the finished pubs. Thanks
FINISHED PUBS
F- frequency of urination
I-Incontinence
N-Nocturia
I-Incomplete emptying of bladder
S-Stream
HE-Hematuria
D-Dribbling

P-Pain upon urination, Pyuria
U-Urgency
B-Burning
S-Straining
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  #36  
Old 09-19-2013
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Default Thankyou sooo much marina99!

U are very helful,, i wish you all the best!!

I want to ask you one more question, can you write how did you prepare for your cs exam? live partner is necessary? did you take any kaplan/gold courses? how long should it take???

Im looking forwrd
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  #37  
Old 09-19-2013
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Lucky111 View Post
U are very helful,, i wish you all the best!!

I want to ask you one more question, can you write how did you prepare for your cs exam? live partner is necessary? did you take any kaplan/gold courses? how long should it take???

Im looking forwrd
check your messages
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  #38  
Old 12-09-2013
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Thumbs Up Thank you

I like and appreciate your effort in these mnemonics
Thanks
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  #39  
Old 12-09-2013
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by drbat888 View Post
I like and appreciate your effort in these mnemonics
Thanks
any advice how to prepare for cs
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  #40  
Old 12-10-2013
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by ilyas2011 View Post
any advice how to prepare for cs
yes , you need to memorize these as you can write them on your blue sheet at the door, otherwise you will forget some important details after you get out.

I highly recommend her style is easy to memorize and reproducible in natural way

good luck, wish me too
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  #41  
Old 01-13-2014
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Default hey marina99

this is an amazing thread.very very helpful.i have just begun my cs prep and plan to take it in a months time.i have a course booked at ximedus in a few weeks time.
how do you suggest i start my prep,ive familiarized myself with a few mneumonics for HPI,PMH,peds etc.
my question is how do i integrate all your other mneumonics.do i just study them first or should i read FA mini cases and then keep adding them simultaneously?
any other advice about the exam is more than welcome and appreciated.

thanks for your contribution.
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  #42  
Old 02-04-2014
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Default thank you

hi marina99 thank you so much for all your posts. they are so useful.
God Bless You.
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  #43  
Old 04-08-2014
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Smile Heyyy

Quote:
Originally Posted by samren17 View Post
this is an amazing thread.very very helpful.i have just begun my cs prep and plan to take it in a months time.i have a course booked at ximedus in a few weeks time.
how do you suggest i start my prep,ive familiarized myself with a few mneumonics for HPI,PMH,peds etc.
my question is how do i integrate all your other mneumonics.do i just study them first or should i read FA mini cases and then keep adding them simultaneously?
any other advice about the exam is more than welcome and appreciated.

thanks for your contribution.
Hey! I'm guessing by now you took your test already, how did you end up studying? did you memmorize these or did you start with the mini cases? I just started as well and I'm wondering the same thing.... thax a lot and good luck with your results
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  #44  
Old 10-26-2014
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thanks so much for the great mnemonics
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  #45  
Old 04-05-2016
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Thumbs Up

Thank you
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  #46  
Old 04-19-2016
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
My friends, Im so happy I passed, got my report today. For those who still studying, I decided to share mnemonics I created myself. drssbaz is one of the participants. Some of them, I took from other people, so let me start it.
Please, follow this thread, because I will not type all of them at once (too many)

1. Insomnia case

OD INSOMNIA STRIKE HIMS
1. Onset
2. Duration
3. Interruptions during night
4. Naps during the day
5. Snoring
6. On the clock(total time of sleep and time when pt is falling asleep)
7. Morning awakenings
8. Narcolepsy(daytime sleepiness)
9. Illness/ stress
10. Activity before patient goes to sleep(watching TV etc)
11. Sadness(mood)
12. Tremor
13. Irritability
14. K-Coffeine
15. Exercise
16. HI-Heat Intolerance
17. Menstrual irregularities
18. Sweating

Ok, its all for today, I will try to get more tomorrow.Godd luck!


LIQORAA.
Location
Intensity
QualityOnset
Radiation
Aggravating
Alleviating
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  #47  
Old 06-01-2016
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Default

Thank you so much, really help me a lot
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  #48  
Old 06-01-2016
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Default step 2 Cs mnemonics

Quote:
Originally Posted by marina99 View Post
My friends, Im so happy I passed, got my report today. For those who still studying, I decided to share mnemonics I created myself. drssbaz is one of the participants. Some of them, I took from other people, so let me start it.
Please, follow this thread, because I will not type all of them at once (too many)

1. Insomnia case

OD INSOMNIA STRIKE HIMS
1. Onset
2. Duration
3. Interruptions during night
4. Naps during the day
5. Snoring
6. On the clock(total time of sleep and time when pt is falling asleep)
7. Morning awakenings
8. Narcolepsy(daytime sleepiness)
9. Illness/ stress
10. Activity before patient goes to sleep(watching TV etc)
11. Sadness(mood)
12. Tremor
13. Irritability
14. K-Coffeine
15. Exercise
16. HI-Heat Intolerance
17. Menstrual irregularities
18. Sweating

Ok, its all for today, I will try to get more tomorrow.Godd luck!


AT&T WIRELESS A-Aura,
T-Timing,
N-Nausea/Vomiting,
T- Tearing and any other eye symptoms,
W- Weakness,
I- Injury,
R- Runny nose,
E- Estrogen exposure,
L- Leg,
E- Energy level,
S- Stress,
S- Speech Difficulties.
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  #49  
Old 06-02-2016
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Quote:
Originally Posted by rajaa View Post
AT&T WIRELESS A-Aura,
T-Timing,
N-Nausea/Vomiting,
T- Tearing and any other eye symptoms,
W- Weakness,
I- Injury,
R- Runny nose,
E- Estrogen exposure,
L- Leg,
E- Energy level,
S- Stress,
S- Speech Difficulties.
;0

nice
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  #50  
Old 06-13-2016
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Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by rajaa View Post
LIQORAA.
Location
Intensity
QualityOnset
Radiation
Aggravating
Alleviating



ASTHMA
A Adrenergies
S Steroids
T Theophylline
H Hydration
M Mask
A Antibiotics
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