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  #1  
Old 06-30-2015
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Default Neurology question in USMLE

A 37 year-old Congress candidate comes to your clinic for a follow-up visit. She had a seizure last week witnessed by her campaign manager. She had stiffness of her whole body followed by jerking movements by her arms, trunk and legs for 30 seconds and then she fell in a deep sleep. Her campaign manager called 911 and she was taken to the hospital. Her electroencephalogram ( EEG ) was normal and magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) of the brain was normal. She was sent home with a prescription of phenytoin and was advised to have a follow-up visit with her family physician as soon as she could. She told you that in the last four days prior to her seizure didn't sleep more than 6 hours. She didn't feel any warning before she lost her consciousness and she had no personal or family history of seizures. Her general and neurologic exams are normal.
What is the most appropriate next step of management?
A- Continue phenytoin for one month until her next visit.
B- Discontinue phenytoin and contact her physician if she has another seizure.
C- Discontinue phenytoin and begin valproic acid
D- Discontinue phenytoin and begin gabapentin
E- Discontinue phenytoin and begin fluoxetine
Answer: http://medical-usmle.com/?p=504
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  #2  
Old 07-01-2015
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sohag100 View Post
A 37 year-old Congress candidate comes to your clinic for a follow-up visit. She had a seizure last week witnessed by her campaign manager. She had stiffness of her whole body followed by jerking movements by her arms, trunk and legs for 30 seconds and then she fell in a deep sleep. Her campaign manager called 911 and she was taken to the hospital. Her electroencephalogram ( EEG ) was normal and magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) of the brain was normal. She was sent home with a prescription of phenytoin and was advised to have a follow-up visit with her family physician as soon as she could. She told you that in the last four days prior to her seizure didn't sleep more than 6 hours. She didn't feel any warning before she lost her consciousness and she had no personal or family history of seizures. Her general and neurologic exams are normal.
What is the most appropriate next step of management?
A- Continue phenytoin for one month until her next visit.
B- Discontinue phenytoin and contact her physician if she has another seizure.
C- Discontinue phenytoin and begin valproic acid
D- Discontinue phenytoin and begin gabapentin
E- Discontinue phenytoin and begin fluoxetine
Answer: http://medical-usmle.com/?p=504
if everything is normal
first seizure episode does not require antiepileptic treatment
so i would choose B
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Old 07-13-2015
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the patient dosent need Anti-epileptic, anymore.if she had a history of seizure(so called an epileptic patient), or abnormal physical/paraclinical findings(for example a positive babinsky or abn EEG),she must be treated for about 2 years.
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sohag100 (07-13-2015)



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