Originally Posted by kemoo
A 77-year-old woman is brought to the physician by her son for a routine health maintenance examination. She says that she feels well. Her son reports that 1 month ago, she got lost while driving home from the local supermarket. Two weeks ago, she forgot to turn off the stove after cooking dinner. She has been wearing bilateral hearing aids since audiometry 2 years ago showed bilateral high-frequency hearing loss. Her visual acuity corrected with glasses is 20/25 in both eyes. Neurologic examination shows mild fine tremors of the hands when the arms are outstretched; the tremor is not present at rest. Muscle strength is 5/5 in all extremities. Deep tendon reflexes are decreased at the ankles and 2+ elsewhere. Her gait is normal. Sensation to vibration is mildly decreased over the toes. On mental status examination, she is awake, alert, and conversant. Her language function is normal. She is oriented to person, place, and time and recalls one out of three objects after 10 minutes. Which of the following findings in this patient warrants further evaluation?
A) Decreased deep tendon reflexes at the ankles
B) Decreased sensation to vibration over the toes
C) High-frequency hearing loss
D) Memory loss
E) Tremor of the outstretched hands
I agree. the answer is D.
Forgetting your way back home and leaving the stove off once, poor 3 word recall test indicates deterioration in executive functions and is the typical initial episodic memory loss seen in Alzheimer's.
Tremor of the outstretched hands. . . Does sound like hyperthyroidism but there is no other feature. Besides hypothyroidism is a cause of dementia not hyper. It could be placed there just to confuse.
The other options are wrong because such changes are common above 77 years. I think I read that in UWorld.
All the best for your exam