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  1. USMLE Step 2 CK Forum
    I found out that this summary of Nerve Injuries it's very helpful ... for review things even before CK exam as well. Good luck to everyone.
  2. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    So how does hitting a patella tendon stimulates the muscle spindle activated by increase in muscle stretch? I mean just hitting the patella tendon with a reflex hammer, I don't think will result in the muscle stretch, right? What am I missing here? Thank you.
  3. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    What is the first thing you ask when someone comes in with diffuse pain. It came up on one of my qbanks.
  4. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    In kaplan Vascular dementia can be differentiate from alzheimer by the presence of "lateralizing neurological signs" what are these neurological signs??
  5. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    In goljan pathology he says that fibrinous pericarditis manifests with precordial chest pain which disappears when leaning forward and appears back when leaning back. can someone explain this why this happens?:) Thanks in advance
  6. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    According to uworld bell's palsy cause decrease tearing but HY Neuroanatomy says facial nerve lesion (feature of bells palsy) cause CROCODILE TEARS means excessive tearing... please explain
  7. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    Hello! I was wondering would an aortic stenosis cause a loud S2 or a soft S2? The whole time I thought it was a loud S2 until I got a question on USMLE Stat in which they mention its a soft S2 with aortic stenosis. :confused:
  8. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    "during inspiration the jugular venous pressure and level of distension normally decreases" itz written in UW. i want to know how it decresses because during inspiration venous blood to right side increases so it should increase JVP.
  9. USMLE Step 1 Mnemonics
    Mitral Stenosis (MS) Diastolic murmur (mid) Severity: Opening Snap (short A2-OS) MS-DOS MS D-diastolic murmur OS-Opening snap Happy-2
  10. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    Hello, If a question gives you information about the heart and you must give a diagnosis between pericarditis and cardiac tamponade, which one to choose? And why? Also does pulsus paradoxus occur with pericarditis or with cardiac tamponade?
  11. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    Squatting and handgrip both increase systemic vascular resistance BUT why MVP intensity increase in handgrip and decrease in squatting?
  12. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    How increase preload (reclining, beta blocker, squatting) decrease murmur intensity?? Source; goljan 3rd ed. pg 188 (C/F of HCM)
  13. USMLE Step 2 CK Forum
    lucid interval is seen in subdural or epidural hematoma? acc to mtb 2 it can occur in both subdural or epidural but from first aid step 1...it said lucid interval occurred only with epidural hematoma!!
  14. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    Hey I understand the timing of mid systolic click and the effect of increase/decrease preload on it, but what I dont understand is the effect of preload changes on mitral valve prolapse INTENSITY of murmur why does an increase in perload cause an increase in mitral valve prolapse as written...
  15. USMLE Step 2 CK Forum
    Thought of making this thread to get away from all the stress associated with the USMLE exams. I feel just preparing for these exams has taught me a lot, and I'd rather not forget some of the really awesome stuff I've learned...so why not make some sort of compendium of all the interesting...
  16. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    Where is VSD sound heard? Left Sternal border(says uworld) or Tricuspid area(says fa)?
  17. USMLE Step 2 CK Buzzwords
    Guys, There are many types of gaits, they can be buzzwords pointing to specific conditions in your CK exam: 1) hypokinetic gait/shuffling gait/festinating gait-----Parkinson 2) spastic gait------UMN lesion 3) antalgic gait------tarsal tunnel syndrome or any joint pain 4) en bloc...
  18. USMLE Step 1 Forum
    when you have s3 heart sound so that always mean you will have an s4 heart sound ....? S3 --- occurs due to volume overload in the ventricles S4----occurs due to decreased compliance ---> concentric hypertrophy and volume overload are responsible for it But you can have an independent s4...
  19. USMLE Step 2 CK Forum
    guys...please could you explain me.....why there is differences in y descent in pericardial tamponade and constrictive pericarditis..? absent y descent in cardiac tamponade....(due to elevated rt.atrial pressure that masks it..?) prominent y descent in constrictive pericarditis(square root...
  20. USMLE Step 2 CK Forum
    blood pressure changes in upper extremities.... 1) aortic dissection--(right arm low BP than left) 2) subclavian steal syndrome ---( left arm low BP than right) 3) accelerated atherosclerosis (same as aortic dissection) are there any more......? if +nt pls share with me.. 4) coarctation...
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