In FA , It is mentioned that diverticula termed "false in that they lack or have an attenuated musularis externa"... Any further explanation ???
I don't understand how "lack or have attenuated muscularis externa" in the same time?
I know it is only mucosa and submucosa outpouch.
Dr. Sattar in Pathoma said that we may find calcium oxalate stone in Crohn's Disease. But can we find calcium oxalate stone also in UC? Kindly exaplin.
Also he said we might find megacolon in UC. But can a patint also develop megacolon in Crohn?
Lastly, Since both the diseases inflam the...
I always have trouble remembering what becomes what when the stomach rotates 90 degrees clockwise. The embryonic ventral surface becomes the right side of the stomach while the original dorsal surface becomes the left. Likewise, the original left side becomes the ventral and the right...
if someone could tell me what each side does.correct me if im wrong
Left sided - smaller diameter - crampy/colicky - infiltrating mass - hematochezia(according to fa - which is where im confused)
Right sided - larger diameter - obstructive - iron deficiency (again is there blood loss here as...
66 year old male comes to hospital because he is not feeling well. He claims dark urine and pale stools for past 10 days. He also states that his skin is yellow since three weeks ago; which turns out to be painless jaundice. Examination of abdomem reveals no abnormalities. CT scan shows soft...
This is what I have come to know so far,
1. In Gilbert syndrome jaundice occurs with fasting or increase in alcohol or phenobarbital intake. (Goljan)
2. Criggler-Najjar type II is less severe and responds to phenobarbital, which increase liver enzyme synthesis. (FA)
While in Gilbert syndrome...
58 year old male has significantly reduced reabsorption of bile salts resulting from the action of bile salt - binding resins. This is expected to lead to significant decrease in which of the following compounds?
I came to realize the importance of Liver in our bodies like never before. It's like the mother of body organs.. feeding them in the hour of need even while compromising it's own needs :( Biochemistry was an eye opener for sure Happy-2 !!!!
There are a lot of facts dispersed about Liver here...
An asymptomatic 56-year-old woman has occult blood in her stool. Barium studies of her transverse colon show an intraluminal mass. The surgical specimen is shown. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
B. Carcinoid tumor
C. Polypoid leiomyoma
10 year old girl enjoys a big helping of mashed potatoes. Which of the following is involved in the initial digestion of this macronutrient?
A. Bile acids
E. Gastric acid
12 year old girl smells what her mother is cooking in the kitchen. She asks what time is father coming home. All of sudden and impatient, she complains that her stomach is grumbling and that she is salivating in anticipation of the meal. Which neurotransmitter is responsible for the girl's...
What's the approx. time for the presentation of Intussusception, Pyloric stenosis and Hirschsprung's disease. I came across a lot of questions that talk about intestinal obstruction in newborn that don't give you the obvious hints (eg: projectile vomiting for pyloric stenosis) but just give you...
45 year old man presents to the physician with 3 month history of non - bloody, non - mucoid, non - oily watery diarrhea. He has a diastolic murmur that gets louder with inspiration and is best heard over the left lower sternal border. His face is warm and appears to be engorged with blood for...