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Here's a list of renal cysts that you might be asked about in USMLE:

Autosomal recessive infantile polycystic kidney disease
Multiple small radial cysts which is usually fatal unless kidneys replaced
Autosomal dominant adult polycystic kidney disease
Large bulging cysts usually presents with hypertension or hematuria
Medullary sponge kidneys
Good prognosis in adults but may cause renal failure in the juvenile type
Medullary cystic disease
Usually bad prognosis
Dialysis associated cysts
Also called acquired renal cystic disease. Multiple, small cysts all over seen in dialysis patients and may later predispose to renal cell carcinoma.
Simple cortical cysts
Benign condition discovered accidentally
 
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