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USMLE Step 1 Mnemonics Mnemonics, acronyms, reminders, and memorizing tips for the USMLE Step 1.


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  #1  
Old 05-12-2011
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Smile Mnemonics for Microbiology

(1) Corny Actors Knock Back Listerine in the Closet - the gram positive bacteria are Corynebacteria, Actinomyces, Nocardia, Bacillus, Listeria, and Clostridium. (plus Staph, and Strep - the t looks like a + sign)

(2) Remeber... All bacilli are gram negative except "L.DATTA"

L - Listeria
D - Diphtheria
A - Actinomycetes
T - Tetani Clostridium
T - TB Mycobatcterium
A - Anthrax bacillus

(3) ENDOTOXIN:
Endothelial cells/ Edema
Negative (gram- bacteria)
DIC/ Death
Outer membrane
TNF
O-antigen
X-tremely heat stable
IL-1
Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis

(4) Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis: classic presentation
"Sore throat, Face bloat, Pi$$ coke":
Sore throat: 1 week ago
Face bloat: facial edema
Pi$$ coke: coke-coloured urine
Alternatively, short version: "Throat, bloat and coke".

(5) Staphylococcus aureus: diseases causes SOFT PAINS:
Skin infections
Osteomyelitis
Food poisoning
Toxic shock syndrome
Pneumonia
Acute endocarditis
Infective arthritis
Necrotizing fasciitis
Sepsis

(6) Food poisoning: bugs inducing
"Eating Contaminated Stuff Causes Very Big Smelly Vomit":
E. coli O157-H7 [undercooked meat, esp. hamburgers]
Clostridium botulinum [canned foods]
Salmonella [poultry, meat, eggs]
Vibrio parahaemolyticus [seafood]
Bacillus cereus [reheated rice]
Staphylococcus aureus [meats, mayo, custard]
Clostridium perfringens [reheated meat]
Vibrio vulnificus [seafood]

(7) Streptococcus pyogenes: virulence factors are SMASHED:
Streptolysins
M protein
Anti-C5a peptidase
Streptokinase
Hyaluronidase
Exotoxin
DNAses

(8) Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases causes NIPPLES:
Necrotising fasciitis and myositis
Impetigo
Pharyngitis
Pneumonia
Lymphangitis
Erysipelas and cellulitis
Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS

(9) Endocarditis: lab results suggesting it
"High Tech Lab Results Point At Endocarditis":
Hematuria
Thrombocytopenia
Leukocytosis, -penia
Red blood cell casta
Proteinuria
Anemia
Elevated ESR

(10) Remember, "I HATE fertilised eggs"
So the fertilised eggs of all the above float in saturated saline. Everything else sinks.
Hymenolepis nana and Hookworm
Ascaris lumbricoides
Trichuris trichura
Enterobius vermicularis

Most of these I found on a website so I thought I would share some of them.
Here is the link to the website where you can view A LOT more mnemonics! (http://www.medicalgeek.com/mnemonics...mnemonics.html)
Feel feel to add more.
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Old 05-13-2011
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Thank u ...
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That website is awesome and these mnemonics are very helpful. Thanks a lot
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Correct Answer

Thanks !!!
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Old 08-03-2011
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thanx for helpful site.....it's really awesome!!!!!!!
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Old 08-03-2011
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good one ...
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Old 11-10-2011
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thx dude
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thanx for helpful site.....it's really awesome!!!!!!!
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xtremely useful
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dude this is helping me a lot... thx...
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Well, we all know that these virus are HHAPPPPY. But how to remember which one is linear or which one is circular? Which one is enveloped and which one is naked? Here is how I do (It works really good and is very easy to remember): Its kind of a mathematic thing, just think that "1" = linear and "0" = circular, and it will look like this in your FA:


1-0-1-1-0-0-1
H-H-A-P-P-P-P
y

Like this I can remmeber that 11 and 00 are naked.



H - 1 = herpesviruses, linear

H - 0 = hepadnavirus, circular

A - 1 = adenovirus, linear, naked

P - 1 = parvovirus, linear, naked

P - 0 = papillomavirus, circular, naked

P - 0 = polyomavirus, circular, naked

P - 1 = poxvirus, linear

y
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Mnemonics for Microbiology - USMLE Forums This thread Refback 04-01-2014 11:55 AM
Post-streptococcal Glomerulonephritis Patient Experiences This thread Refback 05-25-2011 01:29 PM
Mnemonics for Microbiology - USMLE Forums This thread Refback 05-13-2011 04:28 PM

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